Eastern Euphrates

By: Dr. Ali al-Shoaibi

What does the world know about the eastern Euphrates? The people of this area -Al-Hasakah, Al-Raqqa and Deir Al-Zour- knows that the ancient Euphrates area was called DiyarRabia and DiyarModar and that it was inhabited by authentic Arabs before Christmas.

And still the province of Diyar-Bakir bears the name of the old Arab tribe(BanuBakr) which was the sister of “Taghlib”.

Al-Kitami (poet of the tribe) once portrayed the movement of conflict and fighting in those areas to obtain the highest status by saying that if we didn’t find someone to fight we will fight our sister tribe (BanuBakr).

Diyarbakir has always been a great Arabic province- it was taken by Turkey in modern history only- as it’s there where the great Arabic king Sayf al-Dawla al-Hmdani was born and there where he wanted to be buried after death came to him on 14th February 958, on that day the great king died and his sister princess “Jamilah” embalmed him and then he was taken to his tomb on the shores of the beautiful lake called now “Van”.

In Diyarbakir, there are ancient arches and columns which carry inscriptions from the eighth century AD, the writings are not Byzantine or Kurdish; they are Arab writings that perpetuate the Arab heroic actions and the victories of the Hamdani on the Byzantines when the Kurds did not even exist.

Until now we can visit Mount Mardin overlooking the city of Mardin to stand on the Arab Mahlamia tribe, relation to the “Mahlam Bin Zuhal Al Shibani”.

this what led Ocalan to say “we have been neighbors since ancient times with our Arab brothers especially BanuShaiban”.

In the past century, a German researcher has submitted a PhD thesis in this Arab tribe and stated that its population has exceeded 1.5 million Arabs since then beside Kurds.

These Kurds and others from Sivas in the north who fled to the south, where they were refugees at the beginning of the First World War, were received by Syria and they made it their home. Then in 1924, the great migration began after the revolution of Shaykh Said al-Din al-Nursi, who was asked by Kemal Ataturk to send Kurds to help him to expel the French colonizer.

But after his victory, Ataturk didn’t keep his promise and he started chasing Kurds everywhere,thus they fled back to Syria again, to Qamishli and the neighboring villages, and to Afrin and Ain Arab and again it embraced them and gave them homes and food.

A large number of them remained without identity because they came as “refugees that will return”, but many years passed and they neither returned home nor melted within the Syrian society, all the did was to meet charity with abuse; this is how they have always been…

just like how they are now trying to get the upper hand with the help of the Americans to hurt those who helped them.

If any researcher or political observer look at the origins of Kurdish families in the north and east of the Euphrates he will find out that they have come to these areas not so long time ago, not only them but also the Kurdish tribes that ArabicShummar tribe brought from Iraq in the 18th century and they never went back.

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