The decision of the US President to recognize the sovereignty of “Israel” on Golan Hights was a gift to both Syria and Hezbollah; it is an opportunity to mobilize and talk about resisting the occupation.
President Trump’s decision to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Syrian Golan Heights is another Trump’s mistake in the Middle East,” writer Max Boot said in an article in The Washington Post.
Adding that “Trump is subverting one of the most fundamental pillars of the post-1945 world order: the principle that no nation can change international boundaries by force.
Territorial integrity was listed as both the first and second war aims agreed to by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in the 1941 Atlantic Charter: “First, their countries seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other; second, they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned.
It was then enshrined in Article 2 of the 1945 United Nations Charter: “All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state.”
The writer also said that “The sacred principle of territorial integrity lies at the core of UN Security Council Resolution 242, adopted in 1967, which stipulates the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the territories they occupy and the recognition of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and right of every state in the region, and their right to live peacefully within secure and recognized boundaries, free from threats or acts of force”.
The writer sees that Trump took this momentous step as a pre-election present to his pal, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, besides Trump claims his decision on the Golan Heights is just like his decision last year to move the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem, but he is wrong.
The embassy move had been endorsed by Congress and promised by president after president, but no previous president promised to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights, and indeed President Ronald Reagan supported a 1981 U.N. Security Council resolution calling the annexation “null and void,” because all previous presidents had adhered to the principle of territorial integrity.