At one point in the past two years, American hegemony has lasted for nearly three decades, with two stations each forming a sort of collapse. Hegemony was born with the collapse of the Berlin Wall, and the beginning of the end was with the invasion of Iraq to continue the slow collapse since then.But the question in the opinion of the
“Foreign Affairs”newspaper is whether this unusual situation of the United States is the result of external reasons or Washington has accelerated its demise during its bad behavior? This is the question that historians will discuss in the coming years. But at this point, we have enough time and perspective to make some preliminary observations.As with most deaths, several factors contributed to the death of American hegemony. It is true that there were deep structural forces in the international system that worked relentlessly against any nation that accumulated a lot of power. Yet, in the American case, one is astonished at Washington’s handling of its hegemony in the world, the use of its power, the loss of its allies and the strengthening of its enemies. So far, under the Trump administration, the United States seems to have lost interest, but its faith in the ideas and goals that have stimulated its international presence for three quarters of a century.Policy makers in the United States wanted to change the world in the 1990s, but theywantedtodothatcheaply. They did not have the political capital or the resources to do so. That was one of the reasons why Washington always advised its allies to address immediate economic shocks and democracy. The US’s own restrictions on non-payment have not changed its rhetoric. For this reason, the New York Times in 1998 pointed out that the result of US foreign policy has been the “hollow hegemony” that has continued since then.accordingtothenewspaper, the Trump administration has dismantled US foreign policy more, and Trump’s instincts are Jacksonian instincts. He is largely uninterested in the world except to the extent that most countries are makingthe United State angry. Trumpis a nationalist and populist whois determined to put America First, but what he did more than anything else was to withdraw from the arena.Under his administration, the United States withdrew from a partnership across the Pacific and from dealing with Asia in general. It has broken away from a 70-year partnership with Europe. It has dealt with Latin America through a perspective that either distancing migrants or winningtheirvotes in Florida. He has succeeded in making Canadians alienated. And grantedthe Middle East policy for “Israel” and Saudi Arabia. With a few reckless exceptions – such as the narcissistic desire to win the Nobel Prize by trying to make peace with North Korea – Trump’s main foreign policy featureis its absence.