Major strategic achievements are taking place in Syria with the return of large areas of the geography of the so-called “East of the Euphrates” to the territory of the Syrian state, this return is by any measure qualitative achievements that will establish major strategic changes in the future in Syria at political, economic and social levels. We will not go into much detail on the political and social dimension (although they are so important) of the return of the eastern Euphrates region to the Syrian state, as the framework of this article does not expand to that.
However, it is important to note that the region, with all indications and contents, is a connected entity depth that is not separated from the Syrian geography or the Syrian society, with all its components. The region is also an inherent structural component of the collective components of the Syrian people, from the far north of Syria to the south, and from the west to the east.
The question remains in all cases, what does the return of east of the Euphrates to the geography of the Syrian state mean economically? The area which has been termed “the evil area of the Euphrates” extends to a total area of approximately 35% of the country, starting from the northern part of the region of Deir Ezzor province in addition to the vast majority of the province of Al-Hasakah to the Turkish border and extends west along the Syrian -Turkish border til Raqqa.
The Euphrates River is the border between what has been agreed to be called the east of the Euphrates and the Syrian territory, inhabited by Arabs and Kurds in controversial proportions, but the majority, according to many studies and facts are Arabs.
Historically, the Eastern Euphrates region is considered a solid base for the Syrian economy, where 70% of the strategic economic (oil and agricultural) materials have been concentrated, which is the solid base on which the economic and social development process in Syria has been based over the past decades. About 75% of the cultivated land in Syria is concentrated in the east of the Euphrates region, as well as a large number of wheat and grain mills.
The most prominent in this context is the presence of a large number of strategic oil fields, which are among the most abundant and productive oil, such as Omar field north of Deir Ezzor, and major oil fields in the Rumailan area in the province of Hasaka, in addition to other oil fields scattered in the geography of the region.
The return of the vast majority of the area east of the Euphrates but the Syrian state will greatly help alleviate the economic problems that have faced the Syrian state and Syrian society throughout the war years, whether in terms of problems related to securing energy supplies and oil derivatives, or in terms of wheat, other grains and flour.
However, the feasibility of return in the light of the major entitlements produced by the war requires the speedy implementation of an emergency rapid plan outside the administrative committees and bureaucratic procedures aimed at the rehabilitation of infrastructure and restoration of networks and oil pipelines that have been partially or totally damaged by the operations of war, vandalism and theft; besides there is an urgent need to link production fields and refineries in Homs and Banias.