Kurdistan between Illusion and Reality (Part 7)

Digging into the roots: the Kurdish researcher Muhammed Amin Zaki Bey, who used to wonder about the origin of the Kurdish people, admired what was said by the Russian Orientalist Minorsky about this topic; that Kurds were originally people who moved from the west to the east of Iran to settle there since the dawn of history, and there, they mixed with different peoples living in the region, which carried the name “Cardu”, similar to that of that migrant people “the Kurds”.

Thus, they mixed with those indigenous people, or peoples, and were totally assimilated into them to share together that integrated land over the ages of history. (Previous source p. 40).  

The orientalist Tharean Dangin mentions that in the Assyriology journal, he came to review two antiquity tablets that contained encryptions and writings dating back to 2000 yeas B.C. The encryptions said that there was a territory called “Cardaka” in the vicinity of the “Suy” people who lived to the south of Van, or Wan. lake.  Furthermore, the author of “Sharafnama” book mentions that in “Pitlisi”, there was a fortress called “Suy” in which these people lived.

After one thousand years, the Assyrian “Tiglate Pileser” fought against a people called “Kurtie” in “Izu” mountains.

The Assyrian relics provide that “Tiglate Pileser” ruled between (1098-1068 B.C) Talking about the Retreat of the Ten Thousands (400-401) B.C, Xenophon, the Greek leader, also mentions the Carduci people saying “their homeland spread from “Jazirat Ibn Omar” to “Buhtan” or “Butan”, the home of Dr.

Mohammed Said Ramadan Al-Buti, better known as Al-Buti, named for his original homeland from which her grandfather migrated to Damascus.

Some famous historians and researchers gave the name “Corduene” to the region from the western bank of Tigris river to near “Cuti Mount”.

The current “Jazirat Ibn Omar” city was named “Kazaratai Cardu” and it was also mentioned by Arab and Muslim historians such as Al-Baladhuri, Al-Tabari, Basim Baqurda and Quel Baquerda.

The scholar and researcher proceeds to say “The borders of that “Corduene” aren’t exactly known to us. However, All research and information lead us to three cities that lied in the Tigris bank, namely , “Sareza, Stalka and Bianca”, the last is “Fink” city today.

Our scholar goes on exploring further and further the different names referring to one thing; the Kurdish people or the Kurds. He cites names such as “Caldi, Cardu, Gurd, Kurdux, Corduene, and Gordyaea”.

Page 38 of the previous source stresses the fact  that the resident peoples of these regions don’t share one common descent, as some of them are Chaldeans, others are Semitic peoples, or Armenians.

Add to this, between the tenth  and the early ninth century B.C, the Arameans swept through the entire ancient “Khuri Lands”.

All Assyrian era documents and records from the ninth, eighth, and seventh centuries B.C show two main changes that came over the eastern Kurdistan; the immigration of some Aryans, Indo-Europeans from the east of the Black Sea to the southern areas, and that the name media was then first used by the Assyrian king Shalmanaser V( 823-810 B.C).

Later on, those Medes came to represent a permanent danger on the Assyrian rule after taking over the eastern region of the country.

Those people became now descendants from three origins; Semitic, Armenian, and European and came to be known as  “Medes”.

To be continued…

By : (Dr. Ali al-Shoaibi)  – Damascus

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