Kurdistan between illusion and truth. Part (18)

Today we are talking about the Kurds’ overlap with the Arabs. Arabs and Kurds have lived since antiquity, even before Islam they were contiguous, mixed blood with each other, and many Arab families entered the Kurdish clans and grown old, as many Kurdish families entered the Arab clans and grew old.

The reason for this is the kindness, sincerity, and seriousness of the Kurdish element. It is necessary to emphasize the Kurdish woman in terms of her goodness, her good upbringing of her children and her devotion to her marital life, and this is what made many of the Arab caliphs and kings love to come close to the Kurds and love their association with them.

Since ancient times and before Islam as well, when the children of Rabia and the Kurds were adjacent to the upper Euphrates Island.

The most famous caliph who mowed the Kurds was the last Umayyad caliph, Marawan bin Muhammad, who married two Kurdish women.

When the Abbasids came, Abu Ja`far al-Mansur, the most powerful Abbasid caliph, had married a Kurdish woman and called her Umm Jaafar like his first Arab wife, and he praised her for her good upbringing of her children.

Throughout history, these Arab Kurdish women have mixed with their Kurdish maternal uncles, and their uncles have supported them in everything, and this is what the great Kurdish poet (Abdullah Kurani) indicated by mixing Kurdish blood with Arab blood.

If we follow the book (History of Governments and the Emirates, previous source / 362), we see it that most of the Kurdish emirates have been carried out by Kurdish Arabs on the outskirts of the upper Syrian island, such as the Emirate of Hamdani in the north and northeast, and on the outskirts of Lake (Wan) or (Van).

It should not be forgotten that the mother of the father-in-law, who overcame my father, overpowered al-Hamdani, was a Kurd, and she used to sympathize with Seif al-Dawla, and she persuaded Aba to defeat him by providing men and money to go to Aleppo and the Levant where he established his emirate.

In the history of “Sharafnamah” it was stated that the lineage of the Emirates belongs to the Umayyads, and to Khalid bin Al-Walid (previous source, p. 363).

Kurdish emirates also arose at the hands of Persian princes in northwestern Iraq, such as the Emirate of Sasoon and the Swedish Emirate, whose princes belong to the descendants of Baramkeh, as well as the Emirate The Yazookis are of Iranian origin.

In northwestern Iraq, the emiratess of Khizat, Sherwan, and Badilis were established, and all of its founding princes were of Arab origin.

Likewise, the Emirate of Mardis, its founding princes are of Abbasid origins, as well as the Emirate of Shakhzak.

With the approval of “Sharafnamah”, it is of Arab origin. As for the Emirate of Soleimani or Slifani, its founders return to the descendants of Marawan bin Muhammad, the last Umayyad caliph, as he passed through us. On the other hand, many Arabs who were revolting against the caliphs, or violating their beliefs, were fleeing to the mountains of the Kurds in the far north and northeast, as the Syrian poet (Khair al-Din al-Zarkali) says that the Emirate of Zarkal or Zaraki and that Kurdish historians say that the founder of this emirate, He is Sheikh Hassan, who came from Syria to Mardin and Al-Zarkali mentions that they are Arab Kharijites from the Azraq sect who fled to the country of the Kurds.

In (Department of Islamic Knowledge Part 1) a talk on the emirate of Kells, and he says “Sharafnamah” that the origin of the three families who founded this emirate are of Abbasi origin.

Let us see how history mixes up with the wrong fanatic historians.

Here is a talk about many Kurds in the Levant. In the previous source (p. 376), there is a speech from a grandfather from the three families who founded the Emirate of Kilis that he descended to the Levant in the service of the Ayyubid princes, and the Ayyubid Prince cut him short, and assigned him the title of Emir of Princes The Kurds of Levant and Aleppo.

Then the Turkish governor of Aleppo (Qarajah Ahmad Pasha) came, and he arrested their Emir Qasim Bey and killed him and sent his son Gulabad to Istanbul and studied with the sons of the princes. After his grandson, Prince Ali, disobeyed the Ottomans in Aleppo in the year (1003) AH.

In the year 1630 CE, (Saeed Bey Jumblattzadeh) and his son Rabah were allowed to go to Beirut and join the family of those involved in the princes of Lebanon.

For old links between the two families, the men of Lebanon came to him, and invited him to reside on the mountain, so he stayed on the Chouf farm.

(See the book of notables in Mount Lebanon by Sheikh Tannous al-Shidyaq, printed in Beirut 1809 AD) We must not forget that they are of Abbasid origins.

In the circle of Islamic knowledge, there is a talk about the family of Shmeidinan, the founder of an emirate, and that he established the emirate (Stuti) and that he descended from the Abbasid dynasty.

Other emirates of the descendants of the Abbasids appeared, such as the Badinan Emirate in northern Iraqi Kurdistan.  The observer notes that these emirates were just a pre-judgment.

There are many details, all of which go to the intensity of the Arab Kurdish brotherhood throughout the shared history between Arabs and Kurds.

To be continued…

By : ( Dr. Ali al-Shoaibi )

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