Kurdistan between Illusion and Reality (Part 21)

We are still talking about fifty years Nikiten lived amongst the Kurds in a state of cohabitation and comprehensive study.

Now, we are going to continue our discussion about the origins of the Kurds according to the Greek historian (Zenfon), as he believes that the Cardochians, whom (Zenfon) talked about in his account of the famous withdrawal in history between 401 – 400 BC of ten thousand Greek people who crossed what is known now as Kurdistan -in Iraq- heading to the black sea, were the true ancestors of the contemporary Kurds, and were as strong as them.

Then he wonders: what else can we do to support this hypothesis?

It seems that the focused studies conducted by many European researchers such as Noldkeh, Hartman, and Yespach do not lead us to the same result which Nikiten has reached.

Those researchers and others proved that the words Kurd and Cardo are not identical, tending to say that the Serti people whom were mentioned by the classical historians, especially those who were inhabiting Medea and Barsis Lands, are the ancestors of the Kurds.

On the other hand, the scholar (Lihman Hoit), a specialist in the affairs of this Asian region, said that the Cardochians are not the ancestors of the Kurds but the ancestors of the Georgians, and he believes that they emigrated relatively late to their current lands.

They used to be called the “Iberians”, and they gradually mixed with the “Mosk” who were present there.

According to the Georgian accounts, this emigration came from the south at a time the Greek historian Herodotus knew nothing about the presence of the Iberians in Caucasus, and it supposed that the emigration took place maximum between the 1st and 5th centuries BC.

Lihman goes on saying that the lands between Tigris Eastern banks and its western branch were inhabited by the Cardochians, and that this people –as proved by Noldkeh and Hartman- has no relation with the contemporary Kurds who came from Persia many centuries ago and settled in the region.

The word Cardoch is derived from the Armenian plural word Cardochians which conforms to the national name of the Georgian people “Kartfeli”

These territories, which used to belong to the Cardochians, were filled with many residences, which closely resemble Georgians’ ones carved in the rocks.

After the conquest of Asia by Alexander the Great, the Macedonians, who are of Macedonian origin, settled in a part of the lands of Cardochians, including Nasibin!

That is how peoples and things mix up, and it becomes very difficult for all researchers to determine the identity and location inhabited currently by the Kurds.

We will come upon many personal accounts and Kurdish confessions by leaders who were subjugated to the Kurdish state that they are not of the same origin, even if they live in one area, hence the difference in their language and traditions.

We will continue to publish the origins and history of the Kurds.


By ; Dr. Ali al-Shoaibi – Damascus

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